Slavery Based on Skin Color is Different from Ancient Slavery
Slavery had existed since ancient times. The Greeks, Romans, and other ancient societies had practiced slavery. African Slavery, after 1400, was different in three important ways: it involved many more people than before; enslaved people were treated much harsher than before, and finally, unlike ancient slavery, slaves that were once acquired as a result of war were now chosen by skin color. Slavery is ancient; it has existed for hundreds of thousands of years. The major difference between ancient slavery and slavery after 1400 (approx.) is that after this time it was based on skin color for the most part.
Sugar plantations and tobacco farms required a large supply of slaves to make them profitable for their owners. Since most of the Native Americans that were used for labor were familiar with the territory and were scattered out they were not used for slaves for very long. Indentured servants were used as slaves for a time, but as economic conditions improved in Europe that pool of labor dried up. Unknown to many, indentured servants often ran away and were often treated no better that chattel slaves. The Irish were one of the first to come to America as chattel slaves. This is ignored or denied by those wanting to put slavery on the backs of Africans as if no other slavery initially existed in America.
Eventually, they turned to Africa for a new source of labor. The concept of Beastializing, by which a human being can be domesticated like an animal, was attempted by slave owners. This goal was unsuccessful as human beings, despite being oppressed in the most horrible ways, will revolt and rise up against their condition. One is reminded that even though Frederick Douglass felt himself transformed into a “brute,” he did not lose his essential humanity. Despite being torn away from their homeland, Africans and their descendants fought back across the centuries. As a result of the Moorish conquest of Spain skin color became the norm of racist identification. The Moors were black, or dark skinned people mostly of Islamic faith who conquered Spain for over seven centuries.
During this period, a hatred of dark skinned people developed (the idea of Blue Blood) by the Spanish and the Portuguese. This racialized philosophy spread across Europe and the false concept of race began in its early stages. By the 1700s it developed into a false science that divided humans into invented racial categories: Caucasians and others. After the Moors were defeated in Spain, oppression began to be developed on the basis of skin color. Also, the advent of the African slave trade pushed forward the idea that people with darker skin were inferior. In the 1700s several fake scientists began by studying human kind with the goal of making whites superior.
Johann Friedrich Blumenbach (1752 –1840), was a German Physician, Naturalist,
Physiologist, and Anthropologist. Despite all of his education he was simply wrong. Blumenbach's work paved the way for white supremacy. He divided the human species into five races in 1779. Blumenbach's invented five races were: the Caucasian or white race, the Mongolian or yellow race, including all East Asians and some Central Asians, the Malayan or brown race, including Southeast Asian and Pacific Islanders, the Ethiopian or black race, including sub-Saharan Africans, and the American or red race, including Native Americans. Thus the idea of “Race” was invented—there is only the human race that comes in different colors and different looks, but there are no races from the scientific point of view. His racist work ruined the world by creating generations of ignorant believers that are still running around here.